The Alapaha River is a river, 190 mi (306 km) long, in southern Georgia and northern Florida in the United States. It is a tributary of the Suwannee River, which flows to the Gulf of Mexico.
The Alapaha River rises in southeastern Dooly County, Georgia, and flows generally southeastwardly through or along the boundaries of Crisp, Wilcox, Turner, Ben Hill, Irwin, Tift, Berrien, Atkinson, Lanier, Lowndes and Echols Counties in Georgia, and Hamilton County in Florida, where it flows into the Suwannee River 10 mi (16 km) southwest of Jasper. Along its course it passes the Georgia towns of Rebecca, Alapaha, Willacoochee and Statenville.
Near Willacoochee, Georgia, the Alapaha collects the Willacoochee River. In Florida, it collects the Alapahoochee River and the short Little Alapaha River, which rises in Echols County, Georgia, and flows southwestward.
The fishable portion of the Alapaha River begins near the Tift/Irwin County line and continues south to the Florida state line. The portion of the Alapaha River above US Hwy 82 is narrow and boat access is limited to drag in ramps below road crossings. This portion of the Alapaha is reduced to pools with no flow during low water conditions. Public boat ramps along the Alapaha are located off Hwy 168 along the Berrien and Lanier County line, off Hwy 129 east of Lakeland in Lanier County, and off Hwy 94 near Statenville in Echols County. The physical makeup of the Alapaha River changes as it makes its way to the Florida line. The upper portion of the river is sandy and sinuous. The lower portion has a straighter channel with more rocky shoals and high rocky bluffs. The primary sport fish in both sections of the Alapaha River is the redbreast sunfish.Other species that can provide good fishing are bullheads, channel catfish, and in the upper section, chain pickerel (jack fish) and the occasional redfin pickerel.
Blown down trees, eddy pockets, sandbars,and cypress knees, and root wads.